Wood finishes are made from basic materials and anyone with a keen interest can easily adapt to the techniques involved in their application. Understanding wood finishes is no more complicated than having to transfer a liquid finish or paint from a can to the wood surface. Choice of wood finish requires careful planning to ensure that you achieve an attractive surface that meets safety and environmental requirements. The design of your furniture is crucial in making the right choice of wood finish and care must therefore, be taken to ensure the furniture are adequately coated to enable them resist wear for a long time. Wood finishes offer numerous advantages and can be used to serve different purposes. There is a wide range of finishes available on the market to. Let’s quickly discuss some of frequently encountered varieties. Pictures below are derived from Suar Wood tables handcrafted by Wood Capitol.
The term lacquer refers to a finish that sets quickly into a hard and shiny coat on the surface of wood. Lacquer can easily be applied by spraying or brushing the finish on to the prepared surface and it doesn’t take too long to dry. You can use a lacquer finished surfaces within hours of application. You can also choose between clear and colored lacquer finishes. One problem with lacquer is that it offers little resistance to chemicals even salt solutions can cause visible damage.
Polyurethane finish is normally used as an after coat which is applied on an already stained wood surface. Nowadays, polyurethane is commonly used a stand-alone finish because it is very easy to apply and greatly enhances the visual appeal of bare timber. This type of finish is very clear and often lighter than most other types of stains; as a result, it requires the application of more than a single coat. Polyurethane is available in several different tones and hues but three main types are the light ones, the dark ones and another that’s somewhere in between the first two.
Polyurethane wood finish is commonly used for interior furniture like desks, tables and wood tv console. It is usually applied by spraying, it lasts quite a long time. However, polyurethane wears with time so, it will need to be resprayed as the years go by. Just like every other finish, the best result is achieved when polyurethane is applied to a well sanded surface that is free of dust.
This is a very tough, waterproof coating that is usually applied to sanded wood surfaces and boats. Epoxy resin coating are also used to fill up cracks in woods when mixed with a hardener. Some varieties of epoxy resins are ideal for surfaces where they can get in contact with water. Especially when such surfaces will be used as a kitchen table top or toilet basin top where moisture is often in contact with wood. On the other hand, we use them on chairs, bench, table or any other decorative pieces for outdoor usage.
Water-based finish in the right hands is sheer magic. You would definitely be proud of the look this finish offers to wood surfaces. Water-based finishes dry up faster and give very durable coatings. Water plays a crucial part in the process of turning water-based finish from a liquid into a durable protective film. Whenever you apply a water-based finish over furniture surfaces, the water present in the mix begins to evaporate. The solvent evaporates at a slow rate, leaving behind the resins “latexes” that bond into a uniform film which serves as the protective coating. This resultant coating is not affected by moisture and often has significant abrasion resistance and resistance against moisture and a variety of other substances like Spilled cocktails.
Finished wood surfaces should be well taken care of to avoid dents, scratches and soiling with dirt or debris. Always opt for the best quality finishes and choose what finishes suits you best. Also, be sure that the finish you choose is safe and suitable for the surface it is to be applied on.
Our recommendation would definitely be Italy imported Water Base Coat which is used by Wood Capitol. Although the cost is much higher but it is eco-green and also non-toxic which are highly recommended for home furniture. The Water Base Coat offers the best properties suitable to enhance the functional requirements of furniture in terms of resistance, durability, cost of maintenance, and aesthetics.